Summarise y values at unique/binned x x.

Usage

stat_summary_bin(mapping = NULL, data = NULL, geom = "pointrange", position = "identity", ..., fun.data = NULL, fun.y = NULL, fun.ymax = NULL, fun.ymin = NULL, fun.args = list(), na.rm = FALSE, show.legend = NA, inherit.aes = TRUE)
stat_summary(mapping = NULL, data = NULL, geom = "pointrange", position = "identity", ..., fun.data = NULL, fun.y = NULL, fun.ymax = NULL, fun.ymin = NULL, fun.args = list(), na.rm = FALSE, show.legend = NA, inherit.aes = TRUE)

Arguments

mapping
Set of aesthetic mappings created by aes or aes_. If specified and inherit.aes = TRUE (the default), it is combined with the default mapping at the top level of the plot. You must supply mapping if there is no plot mapping.
data
The data to be displayed in this layer. There are three options: If NULL, the default, the data is inherited from the plot data as specified in the call to ggplot. A data.frame, or other object, will override the plot data. All objects will be fortified to produce a data frame. See fortify for which variables will be created. A function will be called with a single argument, the plot data. The return value must be a data.frame., and will be used as the layer data.
geom
Use to override the default connection between geom_histogram/geom_freqpoly and stat_bin.
position
Position adjustment, either as a string, or the result of a call to a position adjustment function.
...
other arguments passed on to layer. These are often aesthetics, used to set an aesthetic to a fixed value, like color = "red" or size = 3. They may also be parameters to the paired geom/stat.
fun.data
A function that is given the complete data and should return a data frame with variables ymin, y, and ymax.
fun.ymin, fun.y, fun.ymax
Alternatively, supply three individual functions that are each passed a vector of x's and should return a single number.
fun.args
Optional additional arguments passed on to the functions.
na.rm
If FALSE (the default), removes missing values with a warning. If TRUE silently removes missing values.
show.legend
logical. Should this layer be included in the legends? NA, the default, includes if any aesthetics are mapped. FALSE never includes, and TRUE always includes.
inherit.aes
If FALSE, overrides the default aesthetics, rather than combining with them. This is most useful for helper functions that define both data and aesthetics and shouldn't inherit behaviour from the default plot specification, e.g. borders.

Description

stat_summary operates on unique x; stat_summary_bin operators on binned x. They are more flexible versions of stat_bin: instead of just counting, they can compute any aggregate.

Aesthetics

stat_summary understands the following aesthetics (required aesthetics are in bold):

  • x
  • y

Summary functions

You can either supply summary functions individually (fun.y, fun.ymax, fun.ymin), or as a single function (fun.data):

fun.data
Complete summary function. Should take numeric vector as input and return data frame as output

fun.ymin
ymin summary function (should take numeric vector and return single number)

fun.y
y summary function (should take numeric vector and return single number)

fun.ymax
ymax summary function (should take numeric vector and return single number)

A simple vector function is easiest to work with as you can return a single number, but is somewhat less flexible. If your summary function computes multiple values at once (e.g. ymin and ymax), use fun.data.

If no aggregation functions are suppled, will default to mean_se.

Examples

d <- ggplot(mtcars, aes(cyl, mpg)) + geom_point() d + stat_summary(fun.data = "mean_cl_boot", colour = "red", size = 2)

# You can supply individual functions to summarise the value at # each x: d + stat_summary(fun.y = "median", colour = "red", size = 2, geom = "point")

d + stat_summary(fun.y = "mean", colour = "red", size = 2, geom = "point")

d + aes(colour = factor(vs)) + stat_summary(fun.y = mean, geom="line")

d + stat_summary(fun.y = mean, fun.ymin = min, fun.ymax = max, colour = "red")

d <- ggplot(diamonds, aes(cut)) d + geom_bar()

d + stat_summary_bin(aes(y = price), fun.y = "mean", geom = "bar")

# Don't use ylim to zoom into a summary plot - this throws the # data away p <- ggplot(mtcars, aes(cyl, mpg)) + stat_summary(fun.y = "mean", geom = "point") p

p + ylim(15, 30)
Warning message: Removed 9 rows containing non-finite values (stat_summary).

# Instead use coord_cartesian p + coord_cartesian(ylim = c(15, 30))

# A set of useful summary functions is provided from the Hmisc package: stat_sum_df <- function(fun, geom="crossbar", ...) { stat_summary(fun.data=fun, colour="red", geom=geom, width=0.2, ...) } d <- ggplot(mtcars, aes(cyl, mpg)) + geom_point() # The crossbar geom needs grouping to be specified when used with # a continuous x axis. d + stat_sum_df("mean_cl_boot", mapping = aes(group = cyl))

d + stat_sum_df("mean_sdl", mapping = aes(group = cyl))

d + stat_sum_df("mean_sdl", fun.args = list(mult = 1), mapping = aes(group = cyl))

d + stat_sum_df("median_hilow", mapping = aes(group = cyl))

# An example with highly skewed distributions: if (require("ggplot2movies")) { set.seed(596) mov <- movies[sample(nrow(movies), 1000), ] m2 <- ggplot(mov, aes(x= factor(round(rating)), y=votes)) + geom_point() m2 <- m2 + stat_summary(fun.data = "mean_cl_boot", geom = "crossbar", colour = "red", width = 0.3) + xlab("rating") m2 # Notice how the overplotting skews off visual perception of the mean # supplementing the raw data with summary statistics is _very_ important # Next, we'll look at votes on a log scale. # Transforming the scale means the data are transformed # first, after which statistics are computed: m2 + scale_y_log10() # Transforming the coordinate system occurs after the # statistic has been computed. This means we're calculating the summary on the raw data # and stretching the geoms onto the log scale. Compare the widths of the # standard errors. m2 + coord_trans(y="log10") }
Warning message: Removed 1 rows containing missing values (geom_crossbar).

See also

geom_errorbar, geom_pointrange, geom_linerange, geom_crossbar for geoms to display summarised data